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WS 2018/2019

Seminars

Stefanie Grüne, Tue 8 - 9-30 a.m., room 4.016

Einführung in Kants Theoretische Philosophie

Stefanie Grüne, Tue 5.45 - 7.15 p.m., room 4.016

Die anthropologische Differenz

Sven Bernecker, Wed 12 - 1.30 p.m., Kurt-Alder-Hörsaal

Theoretische Philosophie I: Erkenntnis und Sprache

Sven Bernecker, Wed 4 - 5.30 p.m., room 4.011

Metaphysik des Wissens

Luis Rosa, Wed 4 - 5.30 p.m., room 4.016

Introduction to formal epistemology

In this course I will introduce the main topics of/methods used in formal epistemology. We will study the use of formal logic as a means of encoding epistemic principles of knowledge and belief, and apply it to the treatment of paradoxes such as the Knowability Paradox and Moore's Paradox. We will also go through the literature on Bayesianism and the relationship between categorical beliefs and degrees-of-belief, thus bringing the probability calculus to bear on epistemological issues.

Paul Silva, Thu 10 - 11.30 a.m., room 4.202

Recent Work in the Theory of Knowledge

Knowledge has commonly been taken to be justified true belief that avoids certain problematic cases ("gettier cases"). But there is a good bit of pressure that has been put on this traditional view in recent years. Some philosophers have argued that knowledge doesn't require justification, other philosophers have argued that knowledge doesn't require truth, and other philosophers have argued that knowledge doesn't require belief. This course will examine these pressures and investigate the extent to which a broadly Kantian conception of knowledge is able to help save the common view of knowledge.

Luis Rosa, Thu 2 - 3.30 p.m., room 4.202

The a priori

In this seminar we will explore new and old philosophical issues concerning a priori knowledge. Tradition has it that logical, mathematical and also philosophical claims can be non-empirically justified/known, in contrast to claims like The dog is running on the lawn and Heat makes water boil (experience is needed to justify belief in the latter claims). Yet, that negative characterization falls short of providing an understanding of the nature of a priori knowledge. Our readings for this seminar will mostly concentrate on the question: What is the source of a priori knowledge? That will lead us to consider some contemporary challenges to the very legitimacy of the distinction between a priori and a posteriori knowledge, as well as the compatibility of belief in the a priori with certain naturalistic approaches to epistemology.

Paul Silva, Fri 12 - 1.30 p.m., room 4.011

Introduction to Metaphysics and Epistemology

In the first part of this course our main interest will be in philosophical questions about the nature of time, the identity of persons across time, and the conditions for free will. In the second part of this course our main interest will be in questions about the nature of human knowledge: what is knowledge, what are our sources of knowledge, and how–if at all–we can show that we have knowledge and deal with the problem of skepticism. Throughout the course there will be various introductory lectures on inductive and deductive logic.

Jakob Ohlhorst, Fri 10 - 11.30 a.m., room 4.016

Virtue from A(ristotle) to Z(agzebski)

Dieses Proseminar gibt eine Einführung in den Tugendbegriff und seine Entwicklung. Wir werden mit einigen historischen Beispielen beginnen (Aristoteles, Konfuzius, Thomas Aquinas), uns aber primär auf das 20. und 21. Jahrhundert konzentrieren. Dies umfasst die Wiedereinführung der Tugendethik durch Elisabeth Anscombe und ihre darauffolgende Entwicklung durch z.B. Philippa Foot. Wir werden uns jedoch auch mit der noch jüngeren Tugenderkenntnistheorie, wie sie von Linda Zagzebski entwickelt wird, und ihren Anwendungen bei z.B. Miranda Fricker's Konzept des epistemischen Unrechts befassen. Damit befasst sich der Kurs explizit mit sowohl theoretischer als auch praktischer Philosophie und ihren Kontaktstellen.